4 FABRIC PRINTS TO REDEFINE YOUR WARDROB
Why to go for simple checks or stripes when you can go for polka dots and Udan-Khatola prints! At Nayshas design studio in Malad, Mumbai, India, we have customized dresses in four varieties of prints which looks spectacular when worn. Printing the material refers to the process of applying color to the fabric in definite designs and patterns. The color is bonded by the fabric and it is washable. The four fabric prints are mentioned as follows:
- DIGITAL PRINTING
A method of transferring designs onto the fabric using an ink-jet printer with a digital inkjet printing technology is called as Digital Printing on fabrics. This technology was patented in 1968, however, it was popularized in 1990s when more affordable digital printers were created. Many new opportunities for textile artists and designers have opened up since the last thirty years. The traditional textile dyeing might be cheaper than digital printing, yet the advantage is that it can be used for creating custom textiles. With a graphic designing software, any designs can be created easily. This technique provides the capability to print detailed designs in dazzling colors and is eco-friendly as well. Also, photographs or existing artwork can be scanned and digitally manipulated into a pattern. A digitally printed fabric will wash and wear similar to any other fabric most of the times. The fabric is pretreated with the liquid solutions in first and foremost step of this process. This step prepares the material to accept the dye and absorb the colors in a better manner. After that, the fabric is fed into the printer and the dye is sprayed onto the textile with tiny droplets. Fixing the fabric is the final step of the process that will ensure the design permanency. This fixing technique may involve dry heat, pressure or steam depending on the type of dye and the textile type. A combination of two or more of these procedures can be used many times. Since its inception, digital fabric printing has come a long way and is always pushing the innovation boundaries. There are primarily two types of digital textile printing methods that are successfully practiced such as:
Direct Digital Printing
A method where rolls of fabric are printed by using large format ink-jet printing machines is called as direct digital fabric printing. Just like a desktop printer, there are fine nozzles in the printer heads that squirt small droplets of inks onto the pre-treated material. Textures are pre-treated with synthetic concoctions to help in the holding of the print by the filaments. It is basically for the nylon and natural market that direct digital printing is developed. The post-treatment of the digitally printed fabric is carried out for fixing the dye into the material with the method of high heat pressing. The definition of the image is not as clear and sharp as the other fabric printing techniques such as dye sublimation printing method. The printed image quality of the finished product depends upon various factors such as the texture of the natural fabric, types of inks, temperature, humidity, and the fabric pre-treating agent. The print quality on the fabric can potentially diminish by washing again and again.
Sublimation Digital Printing
When a solid substance skips the liquid phase, moving directly into the gas phase, this specialized state of change is called as sublimation. In reaction to pressure, or heat, or both, sublimation takes place. Therefore, a method that uses heat sensitive inks is called as sublimation printing. The process involves specially manufactured inks containing sublimation dyes that are heat activated which are fixed by pressure and heat into a polyester substrate like polyester coated surface or polyester fabric. For creating a wide range of personalized and customized products on-demand, the sublimation digital printing is the most effective method. There is no pre-treatment required in this process which saves labor, chemical and time. This printing is easy, has high accuracy and detailing. The risks and wastages are also reduced simultaneously as printing is done only when required in the quantity required at that time. There are various advantages of digital printing on a fabric such as:
- The print is not forceful but on-demand basis. You can print as much as you require at that given moment.
- If you want to start a digital printing mill, the costs required are low and you can go about it economically.
- Also, the machines required for this method are not exceptionally huge, so the operational space required for the same is less.
- The quality of digital printing is very sharp in nature. The accuracy of the printing is also very high.
- The color combinations that can be used in this modern method is unlimited. Infinite colors can be used in endless combinations.
The vibrant Nayshas’ Flamingo Kurta for Men
The Digital Prints world is open to all, men and women alike! And Nayshas being the best online website for Indian ethnic wear does not discriminate either. We have spectacular kurtas for men and this Flamingo Digitally printed kurta looks so stylish and comfortable. The print is trendy these days and gives you a macho look. The digitally printed ethnic wear kurta looks vibrant. It is perfect for the summers or for that sundown party. Pool parties also call for such an elegant kurta. Don’t be surprised as people are going to stare, especially the girls.
Nayshas Love Story Saree
Well, love makes the world go round, so why not wear it and flaunt this love to the world. Even if it is self-love, it must be displayed with poise and this saree helps you with the same. This soft mull saree is digitally printed with black border. The print boasts of slogans like “I love you’, “Love”, and “Let’s Go” printed all over. It has symbols of pretty hearts, cycles, cats, and sunshine on it too. Such a digital print gives the saree an indo-western look which is a Must-Have for your wardrobe. Nayshas is the best for online shopping as we aim at redefining fashion and this saree works on those lines perfectly!
For attractive digitally printed Ethnic Wear designs, grab some stylish online dresses available at the Nayshas Design Studio:
2. IKKAT WEAVE
A dyeing method that is used for patterning the textiles that employ resist dyeing on the yarns before dyeing and weaving the fabric. By binding bundles of yarns or individual yarns, the resist is formed in the ikat by a tight wrapping applied in the preferred pattern. And then the yarns are dyed. One of the primary phenomena of ikat textile is that the design has a blurry look. This is because the weaver faces much difficulty for lining up the dyed yarns. The weaver does this for making the pattern come out accurately in the final cloth. By using the skill of a craftsperson or using finer yarns, this blurriness can be reduced to a limit. The price of the Ikat also is increased when the designs are less blurry, patterns are complicated and various colors are used to create it. Since a millennium, ikat fabric is practiced in India, Japan, Indonesia, and other South-East Asian countries. There are three different types of Ikat weaving methods such as warp ikat, weft ikat, and double ikat explained as follows:
Warp Ikat: When the weft yarns are dyed in solid color and the warp yarns are dyed in ikat, it is called as Warp Ikat. When the threads are wound on the loom, the pattern becomes clearly visible. The weft thread weaving completes the fabric formation as it solidifies the color.
Weft Ikat: Here, the weft threads are dyed in ikat for weft ikat. The warp ikat is an easier process as compared to the weft ikat weaving. This is because only as the weaving progresses, the pattern is formed simultaneously. The yarns have to be constantly centered and readjusted by the weaver to ensure that the pattern has been formed correctly and properly.
Double Ikat: Double ikat is the most complicated and complex out of all the three processes. During this technique, both the weft and the warp threads are resist-dyed before weaving. This method takes a lot of time and requires advanced skills which makes it the most expensive and very costly. The Puttapaka saris and Pochampaly Sari are Indian natives for double Ikat motifs done on silk.
The Bleed Blue Jacket by Nayshas
Do you want to be famous in your college? There is an extravagant collection of girl’s jackets to stand out among the crowd in your university. The Dark Blue Jacket made up of handloom cotton weave with Red Dot Ikkat weave print material piping looks so stylish and pretty. We love to dress you up in the pretty prints and ikkat is one of them. As you pair this stylish jacket with your favorite jeans, you will be the talk of the party. You can pair it with a skirt as well. A good pair of earrings to go along with this outfit will complete your look.
The Beige Silk Saree By Nayshas
The blouse is the shining star of a traditional saree and this one at Nayshas Design Studio has an Ikkat print blouse piece which looks fantastic when worn with the beige color silk saree. Also, the unique geometric pattern on the side pleats of the saree looks lovely. Pastel colors are always appealing to the eyes and wearing this saree you are going to be the apple of everybody’s eyes. You can wear this stylish saree at any big or small occasion and look pretty as a flower. It is elegant and classy at the same time. Gear up for the upcoming festivals as you wear this beautiful attire!
3. MILL PRINTINGS
Since hundreds of years, there are many ways to print on a fabric and new technologies have come up for the same. The process of the application of color to the fabric in definite designs or patterns is called as mill printing or textile printing. When the printing of the fabric is done properly, the color and the fiber bond perfectly, therefore, it resists the friction and washing. In mill printing, one or more colors are applied to certain part of the fabric only and sharply in defined patterns. Basically, mill printing is a combination of engineering, art, and dyeing. A ‘print paste’ is used in the method which is a special kind of viscous liquid that holds the pigment/dye and chemical. To help the dye to adhere to the fiber’s surface, the print paste must be of high viscosity. However, the ‘curing’ process is done after that by applying steam for fixation. The printing is done in wet viscous medium. The pigments that are not actually dyes are used for the printing purpose extensively. Pigments carry out the printing about 96% of the time. The binder fixes the colors to the fiber.
4. BAGH PRINT
A traditional Indian handicraft that originated in Bagh, Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh, India is called as Bagh print. On the banks of the river Bagh, the village Bagh is located. It is believed that this practice is 1000 years old. This technique is characterized by hand-printed blocks made of wood with relief prints. Naturally sourced dyes and pigments are used in this process. The motifs of the bagh print fabric are generally paisley, floral, or geometric compositions that are dyed along with vegetable colors of black and red over a white background. The entire process of Bagh printing involves three processes like pre-printing, printing, and post-printing.
Pre-Printing: At first, the primary washing of the fabric takes place. It is also called as ‘Khara Karna’. The most commonly used fabric for this is cotton, but, many times Kosa Silk, Bamboo chicks, Maheshwari Suit Material, Crepe, Chiffon, Mulberry Silk, and Georgette tissue is used as well. In the Khara Karna process, the fabric is washed in running water for about two hours and it is beaten up on the river stones for removing the fabric starch. This is done for the dyeing process assistance.
Printing: By using carved wood relief blocks, the prints are made by hand application of vegetable and natural based dyes. Black and red dyes are very common, however, mustard, khaki, and indigo dyes are also used nowadays. Sometimes the motifs from the prints are inspired from the 1500-year-old paintings at the Bagh Caves. Also, the new blocks are hand-carved from Sheesham or teak wood. The cloth rests for 8 to 14 days for the dye to be fully absorbed by the fabric once the design is fully printed.
Post-printing: After proper resting of the fabric, it is rigorously washed in the river for 20 minutes and again it is beaten against the river stones for excess dye removal. This entire process is called as Bichalna which requires care and strength. This is because the stains or smudges which occur if washed improperly are permanent in nature. Later on, in the Bhatti process, the fabric is fixed and finishing is done by boiling in water. This water is a mixture of Dhavda Flowers and Alizarin. Finally, the bleaching of fabric is done and its washed three more times for completion of the fabric.